Socio-Economic and Literacy status among Halba Tribes of Bastar, Chhattisgarh


  • Dr. Sukrita Tirkey Assistant Professor, Shaheed Mahendra Karma Vishwavidhalaya, Jagdalpur, Bastar, Chhattisgarh



History, Socio-economic, Literacy and Society, Government programs


The government of India launched several programs to combat the socio-economy challenges of tribes. Despite the available facilities for schedule tribes are attached to illiteracy and old modes of earning recourse. Despite Government programs India literacy rate increased only and a 1990 study estimated that it would take until 2060 for India to achieve universal literacy at current rate of progress. The present study was conducted to find out the socio-economic conditions of Halba tribes of Madpal, Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. Socio-economic status and health are closely related and socio-economic status can often have profound effects on a person's health due to differences in ability to access health care as well as dietary and other lifestyle choices that are associated with both finances and education. The present study highlights a high. prevalence of illiterate and poor economic conditions which needs urgent intervention. In what way of looking at how individuals or Halba families fit into society using economic and social measures that have been shown on their present condition.


Ashokan A 2007 Primitive KORAGA tribes of Kerala History, Society and Economy.

Bernard, H. R 2000 Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, New Delhi.

Census of India 1901 Ethnographic Notes, Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi.

Census of India 2001 Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

Chowdhuri M.K& S.K Kolay 1999 Tribal Development- A Micro Level Study of West Bengal, Bulletin of CRI, Kolkata, Vol.XX., No.3.

Creswell, J. W. 2003 Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mix method approaches (2nd ed.), Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, New Delhi.

Das S.T. 1989 Life style, Indian Tribes, Val III, Gayan publishing House, New Delhi.

District Gazetter 2001 Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarh

Duttas, R.C. 1901 Economic History of India, Vol.I, London

Feuchtwang, Stephan 1975 Investigation Religion in Mauric Bloch (ed) Marxist Analyses and Social Anthropology, London, Malabay Press, Pp 63.

Heiler Agnes 1984 Everyday Life, London: Routledge and Megan Paul.

Kolay, S. K. 2001 Ecology Economy and Tribal Development, Mohit Publication, New Delhi.

Mukheriee, Ram- Krishna 1982 Tribal economy or the Economics of the Tribes in K.S. Singh (ed),

Nadel, S.F. 1969 The Foundation of Social Anthropology, London, Cohen and West.

Negi, R.S. and Gaikwad, John 1984 Socio-Cultural Dynamics of Tribal Development, Tribal Research and Training Institution Pune.

Roy S.C. 1915 The Oraon of Chhota Nagpur, their History, Economy, Life and Social Organization, Kolkata.

Sahlins, Marshall D. 1976 Culture and Practical Reason, Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press.

Schutz, Alfres 1970 Phenomenology of Social relations, Helmut R Wagner (ed.) Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Shukla, Hiralal 2001 Chhatisgarh Ka Janjatiya Itihas (in Hindi), Hindi Book Center, Raipur, C.G.

Singh K.S. 1982 Economic of Tribes and their Transformation, concept publishing House New Delhi.

Singh KS. 1994 The people of India project, the Schedule Tribes, New Delhi, Vol III, 27.




How to Cite

Tirkey, S. (2021). Socio-Economic and Literacy status among Halba Tribes of Bastar, Chhattisgarh. RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary, 6(11), 80–85.