Approaches to Tribal Development Models in India: Its Implications and Prospects




Tribal Development, Indigenous communities, Development approaches, Tribal welfare, Cultural preservation, Livelihood enhancement


Tribal development models in India have evolved in response to the changing socio-economic, cultural, and political landscapes. This paper provides an overview of the various approaches employed to address the developmental needs of tribal communities and their implications. The study examines isolationist, assimilation, welfare, protective, integrated, empowerment, and inclusive growth approaches, analyzing their strengths and limitations. Drawing from historical context and contemporary perspectives, the paper discusses the implications of these approaches on tribal identity, cultural preservation, livelihoods, and social empowerment. Moreover, it highlights the prospects for more holistic and participatory models that recognize the unique needs of tribal populations while fostering sustainable development and preserving their heritage. By exploring the multifaceted nature of tribal development, this study contributes to a nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities in fostering the well-being of indigenous communities in India.

Author Biography

Purnima, Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Central University of South Bihar

Ms Purnima is faculty of geography in Dr. Ambedkar Cenre of Excellence, Central University of South Bihar. She is also a research scholar in Central University of South Bihar. She has qualified UGC NET JRF. She has done her graduation in Geography from renowned Miranda house, University of Delhi and Masters (MA) Geography from Jawaharlal Nehru University. Her specialization includes Tribal development. Apart from academia she excels in extracurricular activities like dance and sports like swimming and have presented her state at national level.


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How to Cite

Purnima. (2023). Approaches to Tribal Development Models in India: Its Implications and Prospects. RESEARCH REVIEW International Journal of Multidisciplinary, 8(11), 32–37.